HAWAIIAN HISTORY 1
The next page was lifted, almost verbatim from <http;//www.vrmaui.com/pray4hawaii/> with the permission of it’s owner but please do him the courtesy of visiting his site if this interests you. The Book he referenced most was “Perpetuated in Righteousness” by Daniel Kikawa and obtainable from the Bailey House Museum Bookstore -The Webmaster
History 1 – The Beginning to Pa`ao
All quotes, unless otherwise noted, are taken from Daniel Kikawa’s excellent book, Perpetuated in Righteousness. If this interests you I highly recommend that you get the book. (Available at the Bailey House Gift Shop – Maui)
The language of the Polynesian peoples is basically one language, the missionary translators who first assigned a written spelling for the different island groups, heard the words differently and represented these sounds that they heard with different letters. For instance the Hawaiian word for ‘woman’ is wahine (vah-hee-nee), the Tongan word for ‘woman’ is fahine (fah-hee-nee). Much like the differences between American English and British English – there is understanding but differences in accents and idioms. So, the oral traditions of the Polynesian peoples, with minor differences, give a remarkably similar account of their history and beliefs. There are Polynesians today, who can recite their lineage back to one common ancestor. Here are some excerpts from those accounts. Note that these predate the coming of the missionaries and were not influenced by Biblical record. These legends include stories from Hawaii, Tahiti, Samoa, Tonga, Marquesa and the Maori of New Zealand.
“Fornander (leading foreign source of Hawaiian history) said, “… I learned that the ancient Hawaiians at one time worshipped one god, comprised of three beings, and respectively called Kane, Ku and Lono, equal in nature, but distinctive in attributes…”p 54 This Polynesian god had many titles, but one name, too holy to be mentioned in casual conversation and this name was`Io.
When the Hawaiians arrived in their new land they created cities of refuge, called Pu’uhonua that were similar to those of the Bible. Pg. 116
Also, the Hawaiians consider the day to begin with the setting of the sun.
The first group of Proto-polynesians probably left the middle east around BC 2300, about the time of the tower of Babel heading toward Sumatra. The second leaving around 1400 BC, going to India’ with the first group making it to Fiji a hundred years later (1300 BC).
Pa’ao to Kamehameha I
In the period of 100 years, 1300-1400 AD, an unknown number of warlike Tahitians arrived on the peaceful islands of Hawaii. At some point the warrior / priest Pa`ao came to Hawaii and found that the religion (that of the Tahitians) was at a ‘low ebb’. He was disturbed that the people lived in peace and that the “…kapus were few and the ceremonies were easy: that human sacrifices were not practiced, and cannibalism was unknown; and that the government was more patriarchal than regal in nature.” (Fornander, An Account of the Polynesian Race, Vol.1,p 209) To him, it seemed that the previous invasions from Tahiti, had failed. There being no real class distinctions and the newcomers being assimilated into the culture was with typical Hawaiian Aloha. This could not be tolerated. He went back to Tahiti and then returned with warriors, priests (kahuna) and royalty (ali’i) of much mana (spiritual power). With this force, he invaded the peaceful land. He killed the priests of ‘Io and changed the attributes of Ku, Lono and Kane, from detesting human death, to demanding it. He brought bloody stones from a human sacrificial site in Tahiti and used them to desecrate the primary heiau (temple) of ‘Io on the “Big Island” and then built his luakini (human sacrificial) heiau on top of it. A few of the priests of `Io escaped to New Zealand, before Pa’ao had the great voyaging canoes burnt, his own included. I don’t know if the great Hawaiian navigators were put to death with the destruction of their vessels, or their escape so infuriated the invader that he burnt the remaining canoes as retaliation, but Hawaii had very little contact with the outside world for the next 100 years.
Pa`ao is credited with, not only the destruction of the peaceful culture of the Hawaiians and the perversion of the worship of Ku, but with the introduction of many elemental spirits (like Pele – one chant mentions 400,000 lesser ‘gods’), but also of the cruel ‘kapu’ system. This forbid many things and demanded many more, with any infraction being punishable by death. The laws were strict and always favored the kahuna and the ali`i.
At some point during the eradication of the priests of `Io, one of them prophesied that ‘one day the knowledge of `Io would be restored to the Hawaiian people.’ For 600 years the families descended from the priesthood have kept that hope alive, wondering, will our son be the one?
Kamehameha 1 & Henry Opukahai`a
Kamehameha born in the Kohala district of the “Big Island” around 1753. Before his birth a kahuna prophesied that the baby would grow to be a “killer of chiefs”, so even before his birth there were already those who were out to kill him. Because of this prophecy he was not raised at home but back in the mountains by trusted servants. Kamehameha means the “lonely one”.
Born 1792, on the Big Island, during Kamehameha’s wars of unification and orphaned by them as well. Trained by an uncle to be a kahuna at the luakini heiau by Kealakekua Bay. Befriended by a ship’s captain and taken to Boston where he attended Yale. There he learned Hebrew and Greek and started to translate the Bible into Hawaiian from the original languages. He noted how similar Hebrew was to Hawaiian. Was about to return to Hawaii when he became ill with typhus fever and died. The story goes that at his funeral people volunteered to take his place and this became the basis for the first mission board to the Sandwich (Hawaiian) Islands. His scholarship (he earned the equivalent of a Ph.D.) showed the Americans that the “heathen” could be educated, and therefore converted. In the early 1990’s Henry Opukaha`ia’s remains were returned to his beloved Hawaii (the Big Island) and were interred at a site overlooking Kealakekua Bay.
Hewahewa, a high ali`i himself, and the highest of the (religious) kahuna in the Kingdom of Hawaii under Kamehameha I. He was a direct descendant of Pa`ao.
Shortly after the death of Hawaii’s first king, the leadership of the Islands fell into the hands of the “feisty” Ka`ahumanu, the 3rd of Kamehameha’s wives and the independent minded “love of his life”. She was the kahuina nui, the queen regent and although childless herself, ruled, along with Keopuolani and her son Liholiho, until he was old enough and was qualified to rule. Keopuolani, Kamehameha’s first wife, had much more mana, that elusive power that separated the “ali`i”- royalty, from the “kanaka maoli” – the common people. She was so supremely royal that the King himself had to strip naked and crawl on his stomach whenever he wished to approach her.
These three, along with Hewahewa, ruled Hawaii after the death of the king, and they saw the kapu system was grievous to the people, made great demands on them, often costing their lives for a simple mistake or small infraction. They also saw that with the foreigners, who were more frequently coming to their shores, that these rules were not observed and the world did not come crashing down.The stage was set for change.
God gave Hewahewa a word, a dream or at least a great conviction that it was time to bring and end to this oppressive system. He, together with Liholiho and the queens, broke the kapu (tabu) traditions by eating together and then went further by burning the carved images and torching the heiua’s. There were, understandably, some kahunas who objected and a brief war followed, ending with the dissenting kahunas being put to death. The old way was “pau” – finished. [ For all I know, this was the first people in the history of the world to reject a 600 year old religion without one waiting to take it’s place.]
Hewahewa then retired to a place to await the coming of ‘a new and better God’. When he spotted the Thaddeus approaching, the ship carrying the missionaries, he went down to greet them and introduce them to the king, as the representatives of the God he was expecting. He was quoted as saying,”I knew the wooden images of deities, carved by our own hands, could not supply our wants, but worshipped them because it was the custom of our fathers…My thought has always been there was only one great God, dwelling in the heavens.”
The kapu was broken by the Hawaiians alone, 6 months before the arrival of the missionaries.
Not a whole lot has been said about Hewahewa, but what has been said shows a man who was genuinely hungry to know God, not to have religious power, – he had that, he was born an ali`i, a direct descendant of the powerful Pa`ao and the chief kahuna under Hawaii’s most powerful king, if any man had a reason to maintain the status quo, it was he. Other quotes of kuhuna show that the knowledge of `Io still existed in their training but, until Hewahewa, kept this incredible secret of the benevolent God of aloha, who held the lives of men sacred, from the people in fear. Praise the living God for Hewahewa and his personal courage. It is no wonder, that, when the character of the God of the missionaries be came known, and the great similarity the nature of `Io, He became accepted with such great alaracty by the Hawaiians.
Much maligned group of individuals who gave their lives for their beliefs. The original group, believed that Kamehameha 1 was still King, when they left, that the unification wars were still going on, and that they would get a most unfriendly reception. They were the first American foreign missionaries. They signed a contract that did not allow them ‘…to participate in government, commerce or even own land’. All materials were held in common, for the good of the Mission. The one missionary family that broke that contract, was sent home and (he) died within two years of returning, a broken man. These missionaries, returned home having completed their task. I wish I could say the same for others who came later with other purposes in mind. I believe, that those who’d planned to usurp the Kingdom, used the name, the “Missionary Party”, because those selfless individuals who came to do good, had a reputation of doing no wrong. The Hawaiians trusted the title missionary. It is regrettable that such wrong was done in their good names.
(Below the author reflects on some of his own thoughts and makes statements that do not entirely agree with the position of Americans for First Nations but would’ve needed a bunch of revision, ignore what you don’t like.)
Treachery & Deception
Nothing is ever simple, especially when human beings are concerned, it would be easy (and politically correct) to say that the “whites” or the “missionaries” or the “Americans” or the “sugar planters” or the “rich” or the …. etc., etc. … were to blame. Actually, everybody had a hand in it. God is not the God of hypothetical cases. He does not deal in “What if?” When you know all and see all, you deal with what is.
Follow the “Time-Line” for a step by step of the overthrow, (missing from that, I notice, was the McKinley tariff act, circa 1892, where the US levied a tariff on Hawaiian sugar as being not an American product, thus cutting off the planters from their most profitable market). But also part of this mix is the fact Queen Liliuokalani’s brother, King Kalakaua, aka “The Merry Monarch”, lived life to lavish excess, often referring to himself as the “King of the Pacific” and encouraged the Hawaiians to return to the “old ways” (Pa`ao – the invader, from Tahiti, not `Io- the God of Hawaii, from their earliest oral history) saying, “The old gods of Hawaii are good enough for us.” [Hazard, The Dolphin Guide to Hawaii, p 93] It would appear that in scorning the God who gave him power, indeed life, he also brought about judgment on his kingdom, Not for me to say.
Those sons of the missionaries who traded the God of their fathers for the gods of this world, will have much to answer for on That Day. They certainly brought reproach on the God of their fathers. Hawaii seemed to go from Christian to pagan over night. So wounded were the Hawaiians in the betrayal of the trust they had put in the missionaries and their descendants. Queen Liliuokalani, writing to President Cleveland reminded him of the sin of Ahab in wrongfully seizing a piece of land from a man more righteous than himself and the consequences of that action on Ahab and his kingdom, she then prophesied that this would happen to America “… in the days of your children’s children. ” About now.
A personal note: I admit, after living here in the island for 13 out of the last twenty years, my sympathies are with the people of this land, but my loyalty is first and foremost with the Lord Jesus Christ.
If my account of what has transpired does not line up with your understanding, do the research, look it up. Be aware that my intention is not to stir up trouble, bitterness or hard feelings, they exist, but to call the people of God to Pray For Hawaii [pray4hawaii].
Current Times, Redemption & a Righteous King In Hawaii
In 1993 President Bill Clinton and the U.S. Congress signed Public Law 103-150 where the Government of the United States of America formally apologized to the Hawaiian People for falsely imprisoning their Queen and conquering the nation of Hawaii, They did not, in any way, promise the restoration of the Sovereign Nation of Hawaii or reparations for the 100 years of occupation.
In 1998 Majesty Akahi Nui was coronated King of Hawaii. February 22nd. He is a direct descendant of Queen Liliuokalani’s sister and has been traveling on a Kingdom of Hawaii passport ever since. He has been recognized by the United Nations as the representative of the Hawaiian People and the other sovereignty groups have been advised that if they have a appeal to bring up to the World Court they must bring it through Him. Already He has renewed treaties with nations who had treaties with the Kingdom of Hawaii (except for the United States). Pray that He be surrounded with wise and righteous counselors, that He be protected from foolish choices and that he will be able to keep the hotheads in line, who want to take the law into their own hands. Pray that the grace of God be upon Him in order that He may accomplish the task that is before Him.
Pray also for peace in Hawaii, as it often is with the young, there are those who want all the changes now. The United Nations has committed to freeing all the peoples who have lost there homelands due to colonization in the year 2000.(This announcement was made by the UN representative to the King’s coronation, but, it would seem, that the incident in E.Timor has slowed down this independence project.) How this will all shake out remains to be seen, but pray that the transference of power be smooth and peaceful.
If you want to contact him with words of encouragement and if they are encouraging I’ll see if I can pass them along. This is not meant as a sounding board for the various sovereignty groups or even written with Akahi Nui’s permission, although I intend to show him when this gets online, but only one man’s view of what has happened and what need’s to be done. I don’t want to stop the Hawaiians from regaining there land, I just want to see it done peacefully, if they gain back their land but lose their Aloha, they exchange one tyranny for another.
Collected and compiled by Colin Gardner, 808-344-7613, Junction City, Kentucky. Retired, formerly living in Maui… Or contact, On Maui, call: Rick Ortiz, 808-280-1587
Please note that it would seem the the descendants of Noah populated the Pacific Islands and knew their history very well. Be Blessed in your day, Ken<>< www.Trinity-Aloha.org
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